Golden Agri-Resources Limited (GAR)
GAR is one of the largest palm oil plantation companies in the world, with plantations located in Indonesia. The company was listed on the Singapore Exchange in 1999 and has its corporate office in Singapore. GAR also holds several subsidiaries with operations in Europe, US and China.
FY 2018 Financial Highlights:
Source: GAR FY 2018 Annual Report
- GAR experienced a 4.5% year-on-year decrease in its FY 2018 revenue to USD 7.2 billion.
- Meanwhile, EBITDA also declined 14% year-on-year to USD 573 million, while underlying profit dropped by 29% to USD 181 million in FY 2018.
- Overall, the company recorded a net loss of USD 2 million in FY 2018, compared to the USD 74 million in net profit for FY 2017. This decrease was chiefly due to foreign exchange loss, loss from changes in fair value of biological assets and deferred tax expense – offset by a fair value gain on financial assets following the adoption of IFRS 9.
- Nevertheless, GAR maintained a healthy financial position as at 31 December 2018, with total consolidated assets increasing by 5% year-on-year to USD 8.5 billion.
Source: GAR FY 2018 Annual Report
GAR continued to be affected by declining crude palm oil prices, which had a negative impact on its two core businesses: “Plantations and Palm Oil”, as well as “Palm, Laurics and Others”. Nevertheless, the “Palm, Laurics and Others” segment managed to post an increase in its FY 2018 EBITDA due to other factors, while its “Plantations and Palm Oil” segment achieved a record high in plantation production.
Performance Drivers (Positive Factors)
- Palm, Laurics and Others Segment
The Palm, Laurics and Others segment refers to all processing and merchandising of palm and oilseed based products, comprising bulk and branded products, biodiesel, oleo-chemicals and other vegetable oils, as well as production and distribution of other consumer products in China and Indonesia.
For FY 2018, revenue from this segment dropped by 4% to USD 7.1 billion on the back of declining crude palm oil prices, as well as lower sales and crushing volume for oilseeds in China. This drop was partially offset by a strong demand for biodiesel. GAR’s margins in FY 2018 were also impacted by the government’s intervention in commodity markets, such as in India and Malaysia, as well as the changes in US-China trade tariffs.
Nevertheless, the company’s FY 2018 EBITDA from this segment rose by 11% year-on-year to USD 184 million, as result of additional contribution from biodiesel and destination sales, the removal of export levy, and fair value gain recorded during the year.
- Net Other Operating Income
Net other operating income increased from the USD 44 million in FY 2018 to USD 125 million in FY 2018. This was mainly due to a fair value gain on financial assets following the adoption of IFRS 9. GAR adopted IFRS 9 at beginning of the year where all their financial assets are required to be stated at fair value instead of cost. The fair value of the assets was mainly based on external valuation reports.
Performance Drivers (Negative Factors)
- Plantations and Palm Oil Segment
The Plantations and Palm Oil segment was the main factor behind GAR’s weaker performance for the year. FY 2018 revenue for this segment dropped by 13% year-on-year to USD 1.5 billion, as it continued to be plagued by declining crude palm oil prices, which was in turn caused by a strong global plantation output. The drop was partially offset by recovery in palm product output. EBITDA for FY 2018 also declined by 22% year-on-year to USD 391 million, while EBITDA margin decreased to 27%.
Nevertheless, GAR achieved a record high in plantation production for FY 2018. Although replanting activities reduced the mature area to 467 thousand hectares – fresh fruit bunch production increased from 9.61 million tonnes in FY 2017 to 10.53 million tonnes this year. Further, a new record of 3.05 million tonnes in palm product output of the mills was achieved. This record output was made up of 2.44 million tonnes of crude palm oil, as well as 613 thousand tonnes of palm kernel. In addition, average palm product yield rose to 6.2 tonnes per hectare in FY 2018, compared to the 5.7 tonnes per hectare last year.
- Share of Results of Joint Ventures
In FY 2018, GAR suffered a share of loss in joint ventures of USD 40 million. This was in contrast to the USD 0.4 million share of profit recorded in FY 2017. The decline was primarily attributed to losses by a joint venture that just started commercial operations in the last quarter of 2017, and is still in the market development phase.
Source: GAR Annual Report 2018